HOW TO FIND OUT AND CHECK THE MACHINE RUNNING RUNNING?
Is it possible to change the speedometer or “twist the mileage”? Upset buyers of used cars: there are many ways to twist the mileage, there are plenty of craftsmen and companies. But it’s possible to determine how twisted the car’s mileage is, although no one will give a 100% guarantee. EASY AND LAW The odometer of a modern car that records the number of kilometers traveled since the start of operation is an electronic device. Like any other, it can be hacked. The reason for the “twisting” can be not only the sale. In some models, the on-board computer requires a visit to a service station after a certain mileage. If there are no funds for the service station, it is easier for some to deceive the on-board computer by correcting the odometer data. There is also another need to change the numbers, not related to the sale of cars. In some models, auto odometer data is changed only after removing the dashboard. It is necessary to disassemble the electronic components and connect to them a special device – a programmer. In other models, it is not even necessary to remove the dashboard; it is enough to connect a computer to the diagnostic socket and “flash” the numbers of the run. The procedure takes several minutes. The craftsmen have learned to solder a special chip, which resets the daily mileage by pressing a button at least every day. FROM THOUSAND RUBLES On request to “change the mileage of the car,” search engines give millions of answers, a service that is common and popular. Cost – from a thousand rubles, the price depends on the class of the car, the solvency of the owner, the number of kilometers that twist. This activity does not cause anyone to fear, the law does not regulate the work with the odometer, as the car is the owner’s private property and he can do with it what he considers necessary. For example: the average annual mileage statistics is 20-30 thousand kilometers per year. This is true for Moscow and major cities. Therefore, the five-year-old car “wound” at least 100 thousand, eight-year-old – at least 150 thousand. If the mileage is much less, then either you are lucky or the run is twisted. Therefore, we see on Avito and Avto.ru a lot of used cars with a mileage of no more than 100,000 kilometers. This is the border for many motorists and more than this run – few people buy cars. And if you see the mileage of 150-200 thousand – then such a machine will be sold for a long time at a lower price. Therefore, according to statistics, every 3-4 cars have a twisted mileage. INDIRECT SIGNS OF A WRITTEN RUNNING It is impossible to determine 100% interference with an electronic speedometer without special equipment. But there are a number of indirect signs. For a start, evaluate the state of the cabin: scuffed armrests, seats, door handles, gear knob, dashboard buttons. Leather seats may have gaps or holes only when running from 200,000 kilometers. With a short mileage lining on the gas and brake pedals can not be worn to the metal. Noticeable wear pedal linings is only after 80-100 thousand km. If the pads are worn out, and the mileage of fifty thousand is obviously a twisting run. Although this is not a problem for outbids, the above signs are eliminated due to cheap seat covers, braids on the steering wheel, pedals, or replacement of old parts with new ones. Odometer adjustments can be determined by the strong wear of the brake discs. They serve 60-80 thousand kilometers, if you see new brake discs, and on the odometer less than 40 thousand kilometers – this should be alerted. Also, that the car drove a lot, according to the glass headlights (they are clouded), small chips on the hood and chrome parts. The condition of the units and assemblies under the hood is also an indicator. The timing belt is changed no later than one hundred thousand kilometers, according to its condition, real mileage is estimated. If the belt is new, the mileage is at least one hundred thousand. Often, during maintenance, masters forget to remove oil change tags from the engine, the latest data is recorded there. You can see the data in the service book (last maintenance), this is how the average annual mileage of a car is determined. If, since the last maintenance, the odometer performance has not increased or has changed in the lower direction, then everything is clear. Modern electronic services for the sale of cars, insurance companies and traffic police, as well as the Avtokod system (valid only for Moscow and the Moscow region) show data on real vehicle indicators. They are based on the records of the official dealer, or if she got into an accident. Those. those events where mileage is officially recorded. Although they are sometimes mistaken. ELECTRONIC FACILITIES Data can be stored by a special on-board computer unit that keeps dogs – a log about work and errors. And if something happened to the car, it will be recorded. Therefore, you need a diagnostic tool that reads information from this block. For example, if there are no mistakes, it means they are erased and this is a reason to inspect the car more carefully. On different models, you need to check mileage on different blocks, some of them (ABS, automatic transmission) record